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SUMMARY OF HOUSING TYPES AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

Approval for various types of housing is not solely the responsibility of local government. For instance, housing must meet specific requirements as set out in the BC Building Code and the Canadian Standards Association for Manufactured Homes. The following table describes the types of housing and the regulatory requirements for each type. 

Housing Type

Conventional Framing constructed on site

Can include structurally insulated panels; wood/timber frame; cob; rammed earth; steel; strawbale BUT is built to BCBC standards on permanent foundation

Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

BC Building Code

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

YES

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

YES

Housing Type

Manufactured home constructed in a factory under CSA Standards and transported to site; placed on semi-permanent or permanent foundation



Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

CSA – Canadian Standards Association for Manufactured Homes

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

YES

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

YES

Housing Type

Modular/pre-fab home 

sections/walls are built offsite in a factory and transported to site then assembled on site placed on approved foundation

Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

CSA – Canadian Standards Association for prefabricated buildings, modules and panels

AND BC Building Code for seismic foundation

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

YES

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

YES

Housing Type

Micro Homes

(approximately 100- 500sqft) built either offsite or onsite. Anchored to an approved foundation

Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

BC Building Code

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

YES

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

YES

Housing Type

Recreational Vehicles (RVs, motorhomes, fifth wheels, travel trailer, park model trailers)


Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

CSA – Canadian Standards Association for recreational vehicles

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

NO – Building Inspector will not permit occupancy under provincial regulations (BCBC)

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

YES – must be connected to approved sewage disposal system

Housing Type

Tiny Homes on wheels/trailer/chassis


Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

Some tiny home companies offer certain types of certification similar to CSA standard for RVs.

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

NO – unless dwelling portion can be constructed to meet BC Building Code/CSA and anchored to approved foundation

Building Inspector may not permit occupancy under provincial regulations (BCBC)

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

Possibly – must be connected to approved sewage disposal system

Could have issue with using as temporary residence since Building Inspector may not permit occupancy under provincial regulations (BCBC)

Housing Type

Yurt, canvas tents


Building/Construction Standard in Effect 

N/A

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a Permanent Dwelling

NO

Permitted on Gabriola Island as a temporary dwelling (up to 2yrs while constructing a permanent dwelling)

Possibly – must be connected to approved sewage disposal system

Could have issue with using as temporary residence since Building Inspector may not permit occupancy under provincial regulations (BCBC)